Shiga Prefecture (滋賀県, Shiga-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Shiga Prefecture has a population of 1,412,916 (1 October 2015) and has a geographic area of 4,017 km² (1,551 sq mi). Shiga Prefecture borders Fukui Prefecture to the north, Gifu Prefecture to the northeast, Mie Prefecture to the southeast, and Kyoto Prefecture to the west.
Shiga Prefecture滋賀県Japanese transcription(s) • Japanese • RōmajiCountryRegionIslandCapitalSubdivisionsGovernment
• TotalArea rankPopulation (October 1, 2015) • Total • Rank • DensityISO 3166 codeWebsiteBirdFlowerTree
|Districts: 3, Municipalities: 19|
|4,017.38 km2 (1,551.12 sq mi)|
|350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|Little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)|
|Rhododendron (Rhododendron metternichii var. hondoense)|
|Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)|
Ōtsu is the capital and largest city of Shiga Prefecture, with other major cities including Kusatsu, Nagahama, and Higashiōmi. Shiga Prefecture encircles Lake Biwa, the largest freshwater lake in Japan, and 37% of the total land area is designated as Natural Parks, the highest of any prefecture. Shiga Prefecture's southern half is located adjacent to the former capital city of Kyoto and forms part of Greater Kyoto, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Japan. Shiga Prefecture is home to Ōmi beef, the Eight Views of Ōmi, and Hikone Castle, one of four national treasure castles in Japan.